Fourth Subtest of UCAT Is Abstract reasoning which assesses your non-verbal and visuo-spatial reasoning ability and lateral thinking.

1.Type 1. This is the most common Abstract Reasoning type of question, where you are given two sets of shapes Set A and Set B. Your task is to work out if a test shape belongs to Set A or Set B.

Type 2. Here you will be asked to select the correct next shape in a given series of shapes

Type 3. You are asked to find out which shape completes the statement in a group of statements.

Type 4. This is very similar to Type 1 except that you age given 4 shapes and asked which of them belongs to Set A or Set B.

Clearly a strategy with good techniques will greatly assist you find the correct answer quickly to this type of question

All shapes within Set A are linked in one way: all shapes in Set B are linked in a different way. To find out the nature of the relationships between all shapes within each Set is the aim. Then you can work out which Set the five test shapes belong to or belong to neither Set.

CAREFULLY EXAMINE

**Type and size of the objects**

**Are all objects within the shapes of the same type****Does one type stand out****Are some objects of the same size****Does one object consistently appear in each shape but with different colours**

**Number of objects**

**Is the number of objects the same in all shapes****Is the number of objects of one type the same in all shapes****Can you see a relationship between two different types of objects****Is the number of objects of one type linked to a feature of another object****If there are arrows, consider not only the number but also the number of arrow-heads**

**Number of sides**

**Is the number of sides the same for all objects****Do all the objects have an odd or even number of sides****Do all the objects have a number of sides that is a multiple of 2, 3 and any multiple****Is the sum of the number of sides for all objects within one shape the same****Is the number of sides of one object linked to another object**

**Symmetries**

**Are some objects a symmetrical image of other objects**

**Number and type of angles**

**Are all the angles under or over 90 or 180.****Are there a fixed number of right angles****Does the number of right angles match the number of other objects within the shape**

**Intersections**

**Is the number of intersections the same in all shapes within the set****Do only certain types of objects intersect****Do the objects only intersect in a certain way****Do the objects that result from the intersection form a specific pattern which is the same across all shapes**

**Colour of objects**

**Does the colour of the objects influence the counting of some of the key features (e.g. by adding the number of edges of the white shapes to double the number of edges of black shapes, is it the same answer)****Are some types of objects always of one particular colour**

**Position and direction of the objects**

**Are some specific objects always in the same place.****Do some objects always point in the same direction****Is there always one type of object placed the same way relative to another object****Is one object overlapping another object**

**Watch out for distractors**

**The colours of the object within the shape do not matter****The shapes of the objects do not matter****There are objects which are merely space fillers and have no relevance.**

**Isolate individual features. Don’t look at all the objects at the same time, focus on one a time. In questions where the same shapes are repeated this often helps****Watch out for alternate series. If you are given the series 1,3,2,4, then the next number is 3****There are a limited number of possible relationships e.g. movement can be clockwise or anti clockwise, same direction, quarter turn or half turn. Number of sides and angles e.g are the angles part of a pattern, is the number of sides of each shape changing in a regular pattern, increasing/decreasing. Rotations, are the shapes rotating on themselves or flipping****Non-linear patterns. Some patterns may not follow the simple linearity or rotational rules.**

**Colours, has the colours transferred to another shape. Have the colours rotated. Are the colours linked e.g. number of sides, angles****Arrows – are the arrows dictating movement, what are the arrows pointing to, is there a link between the number of sides****Alternative representations. Does the right hand shape contain totally different objects to the left hand shape. This would indicate that the same relationship is being represented in different ways and you should look at the number of intersections and sides****Rotations and translations. Is there a change in orientation or position.**

**The principles and techniques given in Type 1 questions are applicable with these Type 4 questions**